Khok Nong Na

          Among the problems of climate change Which is mainly due to the unlimited use of natural resources Of humans has had a broad impact on the ecological balance and Environmental phenomena That is a threat to Food production sources such as drought, flood, pest disease. And others, especially the crisis affecting the sector So much agriculture is a severe day to day drought. Increasing every year

          In the past, Thailand coped with the drought in Various forms such as building a reservoir Dam building Or the preparation of irrigation systems Which these formats can be used to modify The problem can only be in some areas of Thailand. For remote areas Outside the irrigation area of 121,200,000 rai still have to suffer With the problem of water shortage for use in agriculture


Khok Nong Na Model

          "Khok Nong Na Model" is a form of Solving water management problems At the Sufficiency Economy Institute And natural farming foundation Has introduced the royal speech in King Bhumibol Adulyadej Rama IX On the implementation of new theories of agriculture in accordance with the sufficiency economy guideline Water management And agricultural areas With a combination of With folk wisdom in harmony
          By dividing the area into the proportion of 30: 30: 30: 10 as follows 30% for water sources By digging a pond to make a pus and canal 30% for rice farming, 30% for hump or forest. Planting 3 kinds of forests, 4 benefits are: planting usable wood, edible wood And economy wood In order to get the benefit of having to eat, have, have, use, have Integrity and serenity, and 10% for residential and Raising animals such as chickens, fish, cattle and buffalo etc.

Design that takes into account

“Social landscape”

          Khok Nong Na model area design takes into account "Landscape" is important. "Landscape" is a physical condition such as soil conditions. Nam, wind, society is culture, belief, and traditional wisdom in That area, in which the design is more focused on 'society' “Phum” is to be designed according to the society and culture of the people living. Even though the terrain is the same If society has different design Will be completely different

Water retention of

"Khok Nong Na" model

          Example of water management concept "Khok Nong Na Model" To store water both on the soil (with swamps, Khlong, Phatkai and Khanna) And underground (with 3 forests, 4 benefits along the Royal Initiative) by the Faculty of Architecture Institute King Mongkut's University Ladkrabang

          The main principle of Khok Nong Na Model is to Retains sufficient water for use Where the design of the area will give priority There are 3 main parts to water storage:

1. Keep water in the pus: digging The pus must be dug to bend. And shallow and deep levels vary in each point Before excavation, the amount of water that can be collected in the pus must be calculated. To provide enough work

2. Keep water on the hump: done by planting trees and collecting. In the root system of trees that are planted at 5 levels: high level, middle class. Low-rise, groundwood, and basement Each level of wood should have at least No less than 21 species to form root system diversity When the rain falls, the root system will help hold water in the soil.

3. Keep it in the field. Raising the fields tall and wide Water can be stored for use in the rain. In addition, we can also grow vegetables on the field.